Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) is a well established research area in both academia and practice. The research is trying to understand the instrumental role of ICT in development process. However, the process by which ICT may foster development, in the context of developing countries still remains a much debated issue.
Exploring the Link between ICT and Development in the Context of Developing Countries: A Literature Review
The article contributes to the ongoing discussion on relating
information and communication technology (ICT) to development (D). The
quest to relate ICT to D is a topic of open deliberation and critical
scrutiny in ICT4D research communities. To enhance the understanding in
this regard, we conducted a literature review. The review examines 80
articles to identify various development theories and the role of
technologies in the development process. While scanning the articles,
Sen’s capability approach (CA) emerged as a suitable framework with
which to explore the link between ICT and D. To show the relevance of
the link, we used the CA as a guiding framework, and reanalyzed ten
empirical case studies focusing on projects in remote and rural areas.
Furthermore, the article suggests six gaps in the current research, and,
accordingly, six areas for future research.